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BELGIAN PROOF MARKS
Mark Number Description Dates Used Mark
1 The Perron, sole proof mark until dropped in 1810, Since 1853 used to indicate inspection or proof of breeching system. Not used on revolvers. Can be either of these. 1672 – 1810,
1853 - present

2 Replace #1 in 1810. Sole proof mark until 1853, when it became the mark for definitive proof. Since 1893, used on muzzle loaders only. Can be any of these 3 marks. 1810 - present
3 Double proof as prescribed by the French law of 1810 1810 – 1853
4 Bore diameter in millimeters. Until 1894, stamped in .02mm graduations, then in 0.1mm steps 1810 - present 18.0
5 Initials of M. Champiomont, used to designate provisional proof for barrels prior to permanent breeching. 1847- 1852 F-J C
6 Replace #5 for provisional proof of barrels. Since 1924 reserved for smooth bores 1852 – present
7 Mark applied to barrels which failed proof and returned to makers for reworking. 1846 – 1889 R
8 Indicated barrels had not been weakened after proof by breeching, Used on muzzle loaders 1852 – 1853
9 Introduced for handguns, 1846 to 1924. applied to barrels exported in rough state. Since 1925 reserved for muzzle loading pistols 1846 – present
10 Example of an Inspector's mark which could be any letter of the alphabet 1853 – 1877
11 Example of an Inspector's mark which could be any letter of the alphabet 1877 – present
12 “Not for Ball” indicates choked barrel 1878 – 1897 NON POUR BALLE
13 Introduced to designate arms proved in conformity of German Proof Law of 1891. In now represents definitive black powder proof except for muzzle loaders 1893 – present
14 Designates guns with rifled chokes. 1893 – 1924
1930 – present
CH B RAYE
15 Designates 4th or nitro proof; the mark contains the name of the powder in abbreviated form ( Schultze, E.C.) 1891 – present
16 Barrel weight in grams of nitro proofed shotguns. After 1924 fractions of grams were no longer used 1892 – present 1K355.5
17 Chamber dimensions in millimeters shotguns undergoing smokeless proof. Length of chamber over diameter of chamber 1892 – 1924
18 Maximum service load for shotguns having undergone smokeless proof. Always found in conjunction with #15, which would indicate type of powder 1897 – 1903
19 Smokeless powder proof of military rifles until 1903, thereafter indicates nitro proof for all types of arms. 1898 – present
20 Designates rifled barrel. Introduced for handguns in 1894, rifles over 8mm in 1897. Since 1924 used on all rifled arms 1894 – present
21 “Not Rifled” used on smooth bore revolvers, multi-barreled pistols and Flobert arms 1894 – 1924 NON RAYE
22 Variation of #21 used for a few months in 1894 1894 – 1924 NON RAYE 94
23 Mark applied to smooth bore express rifles 1894 – 1898 EXPRESS NON RAYE
24 Nominal gauge designation applied to shotguns given black powder proof 1898 – 1924
25 Mark for optional superior provisional proof. The mark was seldom requested 1898 – 1924
26 Briefly replaced #12 as choke designation 1898 – 1924 CHOKE
27 Replace #12 as choke designation 1897 – 1898 CHOKE 17. 16.3
28 Replaced #27 1910 – 1924
29 Replaced #28. Diameter of choked portion of bore is no longer indicated 1924 – present CHOKE 17.0
30 Optional provisional proof of barrels in the form of rough tubes. 1924 – present
31 Optional double provisional proof of smooth bore barrels completed except for chambering. May be used in place of #6 1924 – present
32 Optional triple proof 1924 – present
33 Gauge and chamber length in millimeters 1924 – present
34 Replaced #14 1924 – 1930 CH RAYE
35 Mark indicating proof of foreign arms 1924 – present
36 Mark applied to unproved Belgian barrels exported directly to a foreign proof house 1924 – present
37 Superior smokeless proof for shotguns at 17,600 psi for 16 gauge and larger. 20,000 psi for smaller gauges 1959 – present





BELGIAN DATE CODES
a 1922
α alpha 1948
m 1974
b 1923
β beta 1949
n 1975
c 1924
γ gamma 1950
o 1976
d 1925
δ delta 1951
p 1977
e 1926
z (bold) 1952
q 1978
f 1927
θ theta 1953
r 1979
g 1928
λ lambda 1954
s 1980
h 1929
μ mu 1955
t 1981
i 1930
ξ xi 1956
u 1982
j 1931
π pi 1957
v 1983
k 1932
ρ rho 1958
w 1984
l 1933
σ sigma 1959
x 1985
m 1934
τ tau 1960
y 1986
n 1935
φ phi 1961
z 1987
o 1936
a 1962
P 1988
p 1937
b 1963
N 1989
q 1938
c 1964
L 1990
r 1939
d 1965
J 1991
s 1940
e 1966
H 1992
t 1941
f 1967
K 1993
u 1942
g 1968
I 1994
v 1943
h 1969
R 1995
w 1944
i 1970
S 1996
x 1945
j 1971
A 1997
y 1946
k 1972
V 1998
z 1947
l 1973
W 1999





BELGIAN DATE CODES CURSIVE





Controller of Proof Codes
Letter with a * above it Name of the Controller of Proof From To
A Woit Nicolas Cominoto
Louid Croux Francois
1911
1951
1974
1940
1954
Present
B Roland Charles
Soubras Jean-Marie
Degrijse Pierre
1927
1976
1977
1959
1976
1978
C Brenu Louis
Francard Dieudonné
1924
1959
1948
1968
D Marchal René
Marchal René
Jawze Daniel
1951
1974
1979
1968
1982
Present
E Jamart Auguste
Hanssens Fabrice
1924
1995
1959
Present
F Alexandre Lambert
Scholtissen Joseph
1927
1974
1953
Present
G Charlier Josef 1928 1959
H Woit Christophe 1938 1968
I Never Used

J Neuprez Pierre 1930 1968
K Delsaux Walthere 1929 1968
L Salmon Antoine 1937 1968
M Couchant Louis
Scorpion Maurice
Scorpion Maurice
1923
1959
1974
1952
1968
1990
N Couchant Louis
Scorpion Maurice
Scorpion Maurice
1923
1959
1974
1952
1968
1990
O Watrin Charles 1928 1965
P Delcommune Adolphe 1952 1960
Q Dewilde Gaspard
Dewilde Gaspard
Dosogne Alain
1952
1974
1991
1968
1984
Present
R Wagemans Sylvain 1951 1965
S Daenen Charles
Daenen Charles
1952
1974
1968
1980
T Laenen Clement
Vostes Gustave
Crommen Hubert
1952
1974
1994
1986
1988
Present
U Charlier Hubert
Fuchs Jacques
1923
1960
1953
1968
V Maçon Isidor 1929 1953
W Wolfs Nicolas 1952 1968
X Reignier Alfred 1937 1964
Y Chesnoy Léon
Chesnoy Léon
Delsaux Francois
1927
1959
1974
1955
1968
1996
Z Degobert Théodore
Luyten Martin
Luyten Martin
Rivas Francois
1924
1952
1974
1990
1949
1968
1989
Present

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